Headache behind Eyes and back of head and neck - Medicalsworld

Headache behind Eyes and back of head and neck

Headache behind Eyes and back of Head and Neck

These days headache behind the eyes is relatively very common problem and occurs with various reasons. Many people suffer from a headache behind the eyes and back of head and neck.
Headache behind Eyes and back of head and neck
Headache behind Eyes and back of head and neck

Why does headache behind the eyes occurs?

This type of headache usually occurs because the lens in the eye and the cornea are not working properly.
If the lens and cornea are not working properly, the image the eye sees is out of focus. This leads to strain on the eye muscles because the person strains their eyes to see clearly.
However, only headaches happen behind the eyes.
Other reasons for this type of headache are problems with the nerves and / or blood vessels in the eyes.

Other reasons

You can also get this type of headache due to lack of sleep and stress. However, when the person rests sufficiently, the headache disappears.

Common reasons of headache behind eyes

The common causes of headache behind the eyes are  such as Migraine, Cluster headache and Sinus Infection.
Most often, such a headache is a sign of another problem or disorder. This problem may have nothing to do with your eyes or your sight.
To stop the pain, you first need to find out where the pain comes from.
Here are the most common reasons why most people get a headache behind the eyes.
Your sinuses or a respiratory infection can be the cause. Swollen nasal passages near the eyes can put pressure on the nerves behind the eyeballs if you have a cold or flu.
“Almost all structures in the head that are sensitive to pain relate the pain to the eye area,” says Dr. Mark W. Green, professor of neurology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York. “Just because the pain is in the eye does not mean that the problem is in the eye. In fact, it is rare.”
Green notes that a useful rule is that the headache is unlikely to be related to an eye problem if the white part of the eye (sclera) is not red and there are no visual symptoms such as blurred or distorted vision.
Unfortunately, there is a possibility that your headache is caused by a tumor. Hopefully this is not the case.
However, the most common problem that causes headaches behind the eyes is related to general eye health and eye conditions or disorders. Something happens that causes the lens of the eye to throw a blurred image on the retina.
In this case, your brain automatically tightens your eye muscles to compensate for this. After this takes a while, the eye muscles become tense, causing pain. If this situation is corrected, the muscles become even more tense and painful.


“Migraines came from the term” Megrim, “which means sick headache. People with migraines get sick,” says Green. “We’re talking about the spectrum of migraines, which are several types of headaches. They feel different, but are still part of the migraine spectrum. “
Migraine headache is the most common type of headache deactivation. It is a periodic headache that lasts up to 72 hours and often causes severe, throbbing pain on one side of the head and behind the eye. Migraine headaches can also spread to the back of the head.

Classic symptoms

Nausea, Vomiting and Sensitivity to Light, Smells and Noises.
Visual disturbances such as flashing lights or halos around light sources known as migraine aura can precede the headache. However, the majority of migraine sufferers have no migraine aura.

There are many migraine triggers.

These include
  • Fatigue
  • Emotional stress
  • Lack of sleep or sleep disorders
  • Skipping meals
  • Bright or flickering lights
  • Strong smells
  • Loud noises
  • Certain foods
  • Changes in heat and moisture.
There also appears to be a strong genetic link for migraines, with 70% of those affected reporting at least one close relative who also has a history of migraines.
Migraines caught early enough can be successfully treated with over-the-counter, non-prescription pain relievers. However, there are several prescription medications available for preventive use to reduce the number of seizures and pain when migraine headaches occur.
Daily medication may be needed to treat chronic migraines and prevent headaches behind the eyes.

Cluster headache

Headache behind Eyes and back of head and neck
Headache behind Eyes and back of head and neck
A cluster headache is a condition characterized by numerous and frequent bouts of short and extremely painful headaches. These cluster periods can last for weeks or months, followed by a remission period if there is no headache for months or years.
Cluster headaches usually appear quickly, sometimes with an aura, and can last up to three hours.


Excruciating pain (often a headache behind one eye) that can spread to other parts of the face, head, and neck. red and swollen eyes; and excessive tearing.
It is believed that abnormalities in the hypothalamus (the part of the brain that controls many critical bodily functions) can be responsible for cluster headaches. There are no identified triggers and no cure for cluster headaches behind the eyes.


Cluster headachesfocuses on reducing the severity of the pain, shortening the cluster period, and preventing future seizures. Oxygen therapy, injectable triptans and local anesthetics are among the treatments of choice.

Sinus infection

The sinuses are air-filled spaces in the skull. They are behind the nose, forehead and cheeks – and also behind the eyes.
Headache behind Eyes and back of head and neck
Headache behind Eyes and back of head and neck
Sinus infection (sinusitis) is a common cause of pain, including a headache behind the eyes.
Migraine headaches are often misdiagnosed as sinus headaches. Treating sinus headaches involves eliminating the underlying infection with prescription antibiotics and decongestants.

Eye disorders that cause a headache behind the eyes

There are a number of physiological eye disorders and other problems that can cause a headache behind the eyes. These include:


Glaucoma is an eye disorder that affects the optic nerve and causes peripheral vision loss, blurred vision, difficulty adjusting to darkness, and halos around the light.
A certain type of glaucoma, called acute angle closure glaucoma, can cause nausea and severe headache behind the eyes. If these symptoms occur, you should see an ophthalmologist immediately.


Scleritis is a severe inflammation of the sclera or an external coating on the eyeball.
Symptoms most commonly caused by autoimmune diseases include a headache behind the eye, red or pink eyes, tears and blurred vision, and sensitivity to light.

Optic neuritis

Optic neuritis or inflammation of the optic nerve is associated with eye pain or headache behind the eye, blurred vision, loss of color vision, swimmer, nausea and vision loss.

Graves’ disease

Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disease of the eye associated with thyroid abnormalities. It is characterized by bulging eyes, retraction of the eyelids, restricted movement of the eyes, red or pink eyes, double vision and vision loss.
In some cases, Graves’ disease can also cause a headache behind the eyes.


Headache behind Eyes and back of head and neck
Headache behind Eyes and back of head and neck
Sometimes the shape of the lens changes, causing a distorted image landing on the retina. Vision becomes blurry or blurry.
You will find that people with astigmatism sometimes have to squint a lot. They squint to try to force their eyes to concentrate. Squinting, if done often enough, over stresses and strains the eye muscles. This causes pain around the eyeballs, which feel like a headache behind the eyes.


When we are young and even in our early adulthood, the lenses of our eyes are quite flexible. Over time, however, we lose some of that flexibility.
The result: objects near us are gradually losing their clarity. That is why many people need “reading glasses” when they move into middle age.
If you have uncorrected presbyopia, you will strain your eyes and try to keep them focused as you read. This leads to a headache in the area around the eyes.


Headache behind Eyes and back of head and neck
Headache behind Eyes and back of head and neck
This is similar to presbyopia in that the images do not focus properly on the retina. Instead, they focus on an area behind the retina. Once again, the brain overloads the eye muscles to solve the problem. This naturally leads to tense muscles and pain around the eyes.
These headaches can be effectively countered by massage therapy, acupuncture and / or the use of prescription medication. Doing yoga to relieve the body is an effective way to deal with this headache.

Headache Relief Tips

There are many different over-the-counter medications that relieve pain for mild headaches behind the eyes
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist for specific recommendations.
If over-the-counter pain relievers don’t work and your headache lasts for several days, call your doctor. He or she can prescribe something stronger.
If your headache occurs frequently and you haven’t had an eye exam for a while, a visit to your optician is probably appropriate. Since headaches behind the eyes are often caused by uncorrected vision, glasses or contact can end your discomfort.
Acupuncture and massage can help some people. There are other natural treatments for headache and migraine in order to avoid the side effects of medicines.
Apart from the options just mentioned, rest and relaxation is the best choice. If eye strain is the cause of your headache, a break for your eyes is probably the best recipe for relief.
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